World Sight Day: Genetic cause for Glaucoma!

Glaucoma is commonly called as the “sneak thief of sight” . It means a group of eye diseases which damage your optic nerve causing irreversible vision loss, without any symptoms.

Glaucoma is commonly called as the “sneak thief of sight” . It means a group of eye diseases which damage your optic nerve causing irreversible vision loss, without any symptoms. Many people have reported permanent blindness after age 40 and recently, cases have been increasing in younger people too.

What happens in Glaucoma is that the optic nerve which sends signals from your eye to brain to produce the images we see, gets affected. Due to this, brain losses senses to process images and colors, resulting in permanent blindness.

Glaucoma needs to be prevented from earlier age
Glaucoma needs to be prevented from earlier age

Recently, Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have discovered the genes contributing to glaucoma. The studies have suggested the possible therapeutic targets for some patients with early glaucoma. These studies are finding the important biological pathways and the process to contribute to disease pathogenesis.

Some warning signs and symptoms includes; Headache, vomiting, redness in eyes, Eye pressure and pain, having low and blurry vision. You can prevent this disease by taking Vaccines, Eye Drops, Oral Medicines, Laser treatment and surgery. Nowadays there are many new treatments to treat drug-resistant infections. We can cure this disease by lowering intraocular pressure, too.

If it is genetic, there is a hope for cure and measures to prevent glaucoma. Studies are progressing in that direction and please take care of your eyes by going to check-up regularly. Remember, “Vision is the most prominent sense that can help us define ourselves and estimate others, future!”

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