Hepatitis B is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. It is a life-threatening liver infection it is a major health problem.
Do you know that WHO (World Health Organization) has estimated 296 million people were living with chronic hepatitis B infection in 2019, whereas 1.5 million are being affected each year! In 2019, hepatitis B has been resulted in an estimation of 820,000 deaths which is mostly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma which is known as Primary Liver Cancer. This virus is commonly transmitted from mother to child during birth and delivery, unsafe injections or exposure to sharp instruments.
Hepatitis B vaccine is usually given as 3-4 shots. It depends on the people like for infants their first dose should be hepatitis B vaccine at birth between 6 to 18 months of age. And for children younger than 19 years of age who have not got their vaccine should be vaccinated. And for adults who were not vaccinated previously and wanted to protect themselves against hepatitis B can also get the vaccine done!
Before getting vaccinated knows the precautions those are:-
- Know the HBV status of any sexual partner.
- Use a new latex or polytrethane condom every time you have sex.
- Don’t use illegal drugs.
- Be careful about body piercing and tattooing.
- Don’t use illegal drugs
Basically if you find acute illness with symptoms which last for several weeks like yellowing of the skin and eyes, extreme fatigue, nausea and abdominal pain. People with acute hepatitis can develop acute liver failure, which can lead to death. There is no need to worry about this cancer it can be prevented by vaccines which are safe, available and effective.